Countable Nouns with A, An and Some


Countable Nouns with A, An and Some

Nouns can be countable or uncountable.


a) Countable nouns are , for example:

  • cat
  • umbrella
  • job
  • suggestion
  • boy


b) Countable nouns are things we can count and we can make them plural.

  • two cats
  • six jobs
  • some boys
  • many suggestions


c) Before singular countable noun you can use a or an.

a/an + countable noun

  • That´s a good suggestion
  • Do you need an umbrella?


d) You cannot use singular countable nouns alone (without a/an/the/my, etc).

  • I am looking for a job
  • Be careful of the dog
  • I have got a headache
  • Would you like a cigarette?


e) We often use a/an + noun when we say what something/someone is, or what something/someone is like.


verb is + a/an + adjective/adverb + noun


  • A tiger is an animal
  • This is a really beautiful house
  • What a nice dress!
  • Sue is a very nice person
  • Jack has a big nose


f) Use a/an for jobs.

  • Maria´s mother is a doctor
  • I would like to be an english teacher.


g) In sentences like these, we use plural countable nouns alone.

  • Maria´s parents are very nice people
  • Ann has blue eyes
  • What awful shoes!
  • Dogs are animals
  • Are most of your friends students?


h) We use some with plural countable nouns.

Some = a number of / a few of  (but we don´t know or say exactly how many)

  • I´ve seen some good movies lately
  • Some friends of mine are coming to stay for the weekend


i) Do not use some when you are talking about things in general.

  • I love bananas
  • I like running


j) Sometimes you can use some or leave it out.

  • There are (some) eggs in the refrigerator


k) You have to use some when you mean some, but not all / not many, etc.

  • Some children learn very quickly
  • Some police officers in Britain carry guns, but most of them don´t.